Betta Basic Care Sheet

aqua-tropical-fish-betta-basic-sheetBetta Splendens (pronounced BET-uh)

Temperature: 75 to 82 degrees

Housing: . A heated 2.5 gallon tank is recommended for a single betta, though the bigger the better. Because they originate from the slow moving water of rice paddies, a strong current, either from a filter or a bubbler will blow their long fins around and cause them unnecessary stress. As they take oxygen directly from the air, the width of the container is more important to the fish than height. Your fish will also appreciate at least a couple of hiding spots, such as caves, rocks, and other décor, and hardy live plants such as java fern, which also look great in a tank setup. Depending on the size of the tank, water changes will have to be done weekly. For a 2.5 gallon, 100 percent of the water should be changed weekly. In a bigger tank, such as a cycled 5 or 10 gallon, 20 percent water changes can be done weekly.

Diet: Bettas are carnivores, and should be fed mainly on a pellet diet, which can be supplemented by a variety of other foods, such as live/frozen/freeze-dried brine shrimp, daphnia, blood worms, as well as live fruit flies, and fruit fly larvae.

Tankmates: Bettas should NEVER be kept together, as they are highly territorial and will fight each other. However, they can be kept with other peaceful species, like cory cats, ottos, white cloud minnows, and African dwarf frogs. They should not be kept with large or aggressive fish such as cichlids, angels, and danios, or coldwater fish, like goldfish.

Lol, thats my first attempt at writing a caresheet, and if you see something wrong or want to add something, please let me know!

Article written by Bettaholic;u=247


What do you need to know about loaches

Aqua Tropical Fish LoachesI am going to start out on saying that almost all loaches want to be in groups. Loaches are not scaless fish; their scales are tiny and closely knit, giving the illusion that they are scaless. That being, they are still highly vulnerable to salt and medication, as they can easily burn the loach’s body. No salt should ever be used with loaches, as the ‘cure’ can be fatal.

The first loach I am going to talk about is the clown loach (Chromobotia macracanthus). These like to be kept in groups peferably 4+. These are sold small and rarely ever bigger then 3″. Once they hit the 4″ they grow very slow, 1″ to 1″ and half a year. I would recommended them growing out in nothing smaller then a 75 and need to be a 125-150 when full grown.  They grow to somewhere around 14-16 inches long and when mature the females get more plump. As like most loaches they are snail eaters. They like blood worms and insect larvae.

A more smaller species is the yo-yo loach (Pakistani). These are ideal snail eaters and will eat everyone in your tank. They also do good in groups 5+. They are planted tank friendly and are very nice fish. The top out at around 6 inches and pretty peaceful. They don’t get along with shrimp and will eat them (watched first hand). They like well oxygenated water and don’t mind currents.

This is one of my favorite loaches, and Its called the Horseface loach (Acantopsis choirorhynchos). I have kept these in groups 3 to 5. They can be territorial so i recommend 1 loach per 35 gallons and add another 10 gallon for each additional loach. They need to be kept in sand, they like to hide and play in it. They also need lots of hiding spaces and need to fed at night. They enjoy any type of live foods, and might have to ween off of them. I feed my NLS, live and frozen brine shrimp. They prefer lower PH (6.0-7.2).

The smallest of the loaches is the Dwarf Loach (Yasuhikotakia sidthimunki). No reason should they be kept in groups under 7 loaches. They are one of the most social fish and need the groups. They are a bit pricey so i would save up before buying them. They like to be kept in lower ph (6.0 range) and  could be kept as high as 7.5.

Kuhli loachs (Pangio kuhlii) is a nice little fish. they need hiding spaces and like groups of 4+. They should not be kept in anything smaller then a 45, do to the activeness at night. They accept wide variety of food and range of water quality. There are pretty hardy and great little fish.

Article by Adam;u=504

Fishless Cycle

How to do fishless cycleSo you have your tank, you have it decorated with substrate, plants, ornaments, you have filled with conditioned water, your filters in and running your heaters fitted, so are you ready to add fish? Simple answer is NO.
Before you add fish you need to cycle your tank. There are several ways to do so but the best way is by far fishless cycling.

Go to your local pharmacy or hardware stores and buy a bottle of pure ammonia. Also purchase from you LFS a good quality water test kit. I personally swear by API test master kits. Liquid tests are better than strips.

You should add enough ammonia to your tank that it brings the Ammonia reading up to 4 to 6 ppm. The only way to do this is add a drop of ammonia, swirl it around, wait a moment, test the water and repeat. Remember how much ammonia you’ve added. It will vary depending on what concentration of ammonia you’ve bought, so there is no real guideline here. Keep note of how much ammonia you have added this is crucial.
Each day add the same amount of ammonia, and check your ammonia an hour later. When the ammonia reading drops to 0, start testing your water using your Nitrite test kit.

Keep adding the ammonia, and checking the Nitrite every day. The nitrite level should climb, then drop down to 0. This spike will occur over a period of days, so be patient. When your nitrites are at 0 an hour after you add the ammonia, your tank should be cycled. Its usually best to keep a diary or log of your water test results. This can not be rushed and will take roughly 4 weeks sometimes longer, not ofter less.

During this time you should keep your lights switched on for up to 10 hours a day. With no water changes.

Once your tank is fully cycled you can stop adding ammonia and stock with fish. Then do weekly 20% water changes and substrate vacs.

If you can get hold of used healthy filter media great you can add up to a third of it from an established filter without it affecting the original tank. This will speed up your tank cycle immensely as you have given it a huge jump start.

You can also do fishless cycles using a raw prawn or by adding fish food to the tank and leaving it to rot, this will produce an ammonia spike and then a nitrite spike and cycle your tank also.

The most important thing is to Cycle, and fishless cycling is the best way to go, it saves your fish a whole heap of stress, pain, shock and distress and also possibly dying. It also saves you a whole heap of work and heart ache you would no doubt encounter if you went the fish in tank cycle process.

Article written by Malakye;u=347

Oddballs – Monster, Ancient Fish in Our Aquariums

There are many fish hobbyists that would like to keep this kind if fish in their tanks, but unfortunately not all can afford that. This types of fish need pretty big aquarium because if you’ll look at them, you’ll realize that they are really monsters. Don’t even try to compare this fish to something like cichlids. Even tough cichlids are aggressive fish and will eat smaller fish, but still they can’t compete with gigantic fish like Channa Micropeltes or Wolf fish because it’s just impossible.

It’s really difficult to see these monster fish in regular aquariums because most of these fish are illegal and can’t be kept in tanks. And here is the question, why not? Why shouldn’t I keep these fish? I will not breed it and let it live in the nearest river. But again this is illegal and may cause you a problem once discovered that specific kinds of these fish live in your aquarium. For example Snakehaed are  illegal because they are causing big problems in maryland and virginia by killing smaller fish that are essential to environment.

But if you would like to have these fish in your aquarium, you have to make sure that you create the same environment like they have in wild, meaning that everything has to be the same in order to really enjoy these monster fish. I would also recommend you, once you got this fish, to feed them by real meat like beef, pork or if you can get small bass fish than it would be also great. You will not believe but once they feel the smelt of a victim, they will destroy it right away! Feeding fish like goldfish are not enough for their diet! Believe me.

If you would like to know more information about these interesting and scary fish, please visit our special “oddball fish” forum section at,46.0.html

What Freshwater Aquarium Fish Can I keep Together?

Many people ask us a lot of questions about:  what fish can I keep in my tank so no body will fight with each other? The answer is simple, there are many of compatible fish and today we’ll try to answer this question. If you have freshwater aquarium fish than we’ll give you a list of fish that can and can’t be kept in one tank,ok?

So lets start from cichlids and one of them is none agressive – Angelfish. Ok so lets see you have Angels, if you didn’t know they also belong to cichlid family, BUT they are not aggressive as their relatives. Angels can be easily kept with community fish like guppies, mollies, red sword tails, glownfish, catfish, cory fish, etc. Angelfish are peaceful and won’t make any problems for you unless you’ll have guppy or moly fry, than they’ll think that it’s food and they will definitely eat them.

Now let’s go to agressors. Under this goes African cichlids that are semi aggressive and more aggressive fish like Oscars, Jack Dampsey, etc. All of them must be kept away from community fish like we showed before and from others that aren’t that aggressive.  If you’ll have something like medium guppy and medium African cichlid in one tank than African one will start nipping your guppy and we’re sure you don’t want to see something like that. Please avoid that. Cichlids with cichlids, community fish with community fish.

If you have BETA fish in bigger tank than just bowl, than you’ll be able to have also red sword tails, black/silver mollies, angels, cat fish, cory fish, and other friendly fish. Please avoid all kinds of barbs because they’ll nip your beta and other fancy (with long fins) fish.

Goldfish can be also kept with community fish that we indicated above.

We hope it was useful for you to read this article and If you have any questions about aquarium fish keeping

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Live Foods for Fresh/Saltwater Fish are Better than Dry

If you want your fish to grow faster that we will suggest you to feed them by live foods that every pet store carries. Why live foods? Th eanswer is simple, because you will see that your aquarium fish will be more active than previously, it’s a fact! Just think about it, let’s see you feed you goldfish by flakes and what’s going to happen? Your fish will not have those nice colors that regular goldfish has in Chinese lakes (originally Goldfish came from China).

It’s well known that once your fish will be fed on dry foods, I cal this food as “dead” food because dry food doesn’t have all those vitamins that live foods have., your fish color will become darker. Just check your self. Take afew pictures of your fish and compare after you will be done with this test. Feed your beta, goldfish ot any other fish by live blood or black worms for about two weeks and you will see results. Than switch to flakes or to any other dry foods and you will see results. So finally we wold like to give you an advice, if you want your fish to be in good health condition try to feed them by live foods and don’t forget to have a good filter, we hope you know why 🙂

You may check out our website or ask forum for more information.

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How to Feed Aquarium Fish?

You should feed your fish by different foods. The best foods are live ones because they make your fish to be more active and as a result healthier. Dry foods are also good, but in combination with live foods like blood or black worms. There are many fish that prefer to eat just dry foods and this is ok, you can’t do anything about that, than give them just dry foods.

There are lots of different dry foods, but the best one is flaked food, Nutrafin. Nutrafin includes everything that your fish need. It has plants, brine shrimps, blood/black worms and many other ingridients that will help your fish to feel pretty good. There are also lots of live foods, like blood/black worms, daphnia, brine shrimps, etc. In the morning give your fish live foods and at night let them eat flakes. This is the best way to feed your fish. Read more about how to feed your fish on our website at: